| B | C
| D | E
| F | G
| H | I
| J | K
| L | M
| N | O
| P | Q | R
| S | T
| U | V
| W | X
| Y | Z
Adobe Acrobat: Suite of applications
to create and view PDF files.
Adobe Illustrator file format (.AI
files): AI was developed by Adobe Systems for the
Windows and Macintosh platforms. It is primarily vector-based although later versions, such as versions 6.0 and
7.0, support bitmap information.
Air: Large white areas in a design layout.
Adobe Photo file format (PSD.files):The
PSD file format (.psd files) is the native bitmap file format
for Adobe Photoshop.
Achromatic: The non-colors: - black,
white and gray.
Agate: A type size of 5 1/2 points. See
also Agate Line.
Agate line: In newspaper classifieds,
a measurement denoting 1/4-inch depth by one column width.
There are 14 agate lines in one column inch.
Airbrush: A compressed air tool that
dispenses a fine mist of paint or ink. It is used in illustration
and photo retouching.
Alley: The space between
columns within a page. Not to be confused with the gutter,
which is the combination of the inside margins of two facing
Aliasing: The term is commonly applied to
spatial aliasing, which manifests as visible pixelation -
a blocky or jagged effect - especially with near horizontal
or near vertical lines
of high contrast.
Alignment: The position of type and or art materials
as they are aligned on a horizontal or vertical line.
The measured length (in points) of the lowercase alphabet
of a certain size and series of type.
Animated Gif: The Graphic Interchange Format (.gif files),
developed by CompuServe Inc., is a bitmap-based format designed
for use on the World Wide Web. It is highly compressed to
minimize file transfer time and supports images with 256 colors
or fewer. The GIF format provides the ability to store multiple
bitmaps in a file. When the multiple images are displayed
in rapid succession, the file is called an animated .gif file.
Anchor Point: The point that remains stationary
when you stretch, scale, mirror, or skew an object. Anchor
points correspond to the eight handles that display when an
object is selected.
Annual report: A booklet or book
that describes the progress and accomplishments of an organization
during a specific time period.
blending of pixel colors on the perimeter of hard-edged shapes,
like type, to smooth undesirable edges (jaggies).
Anti-aliasing: You can change the on-screen appearance
of text by smoothing the font edges. Anti-aliasing fills jagged
pixels with intermediate color or shades of gray to increase
clarity. The effect is easier to view on large fonts or by
zooming in on the text.
Arms: Those elements
of letters that branch out from the stem of a letter, such
as: "K" and "Y".
Arrow keys: Direction keys that move or "nudge" selected
objects in small increments. You can also use Arrow Keys to
position the cursor when you type or edit text onscreen or
in a dialog box.
Arrowhead: A symbol shaped like an arrowhead that
is used in an illustration to direct a leader line.
Art Director: The artist who is responsible
for the overall look and conceptual development of a piece
or package of pieces. The Art Director makes all creative
decisions and recommendations.
envelope: An envelope that is lined with an extra
fine paper; can be colored or patterned.
paper: A paper evenly coated with a fine clay compound,
which creates a hard smooth surface on one or both sides.
Art work: Any material or image that is prepared
for graphic reproduction.
Artwork: All illustrated
material, ornamentation, photos and charts, etc. that is prepared
Ascender: In typography,
the parts of lowercase letters that rise above the x-height
of the font, e.g. b, d, f, h, k, I, and t.
Aspect Ratio: The ratio of the width of an image
to its height (expressed mathematically as x:y). For example,
the aspect ratio of an image that is 640 x 480 pixels is 4:3.
AutoCAD Drawing Database (.dwg files): are vector
files used as a native format for AutoCAD drawings.
Alpha channel: A special 8-bit grayscale channel that
is used for saving a selection.